Feed on nearly 100 different plant species; Principal plants consumed (from … The Verreaux's sifaka is an easily recognizable lemur with a rather long, thick, soft and white fur, contrasting with a dark brown head crown, descending down the back of the neck. When on the ground, the animal moves by leaping forwards while holding its arms high. These lemurs sleep from sunset to sunrise and their sleeping sites are located in the forest canopy. Then, at about 6 months old, young lemur in completely weaned and independent. Most of their active time is spent feeding, during which they prefer sunbathing high among tree branches of around 13 meters above the ground. However, the most distinguishing feature of this unique primate is its unusual way of moving. Additionally, in some parts of its range, the Verreaux’s sifaka is hunted by locals for food. At this point, females continue living with their natal group, whereas males may either remain with the group or disperse to join another one. They will take a break and rest during the heat of the day. These lemurs inhabit a wide variety of habitats, from tropical dry lowland forests to montane forests. Verreaux's sifakas live in a social hierarchy system, dominated by females. Breeding season in this species lasts between January and March. Feeding usually occurs in the early morning and then again in the late afternoon. Verreaux’s sifakas gain the adult size at 21 months old. No estimate of population size is available for Verreaux’s sifaka. The population of this species has undergone a sharp decline during the last 30 years, as a result of habitat destruction for timber, firewood and charcoal. In order to keep in contact over long distances, individuals use vocalizations such as clear, deep barks, typically emitted by the leader of a group. They tend to select their foods though based on quality. Leaves compose the majority of the diet; Also consume flowers, fruit, bark, and dead wood; Diverse diet. They are not picky eaters… Males are known to for all-male units, composed of one male with a dark chest, mating with a group of females as well as 1 - 2 subordinate or so-called clean-chested males, exhibiting monochromatically colored chests. Lemurs are strictly herbivores, and Coquerel's sifakas are no exception.

The latter is mostly used by female individuals. SDZG Library Mission: to provide outstanding information resources and services to advance knowledge in animal and plant care and conservation, inspire passion for nature, ignite personal responsibility, and strengthen our organization’s capacity to save species worldwide. Meanwhile, the coat of this animal is considerably thinner on the chest, belly and underarms, exposing the grey colored skin. As a result, they move slowly, wasting a lot of energy. These animals don't tend to grab food with their hands. Sifaka often sit on or dangle from tree branches while having a meal.

Primarily folivores (from Mittermeier et al. Group members generally live in peace and don't tend to show aggressive behavior, except for the breeding season. During the dry season, they are limited to eating mere leaves and buds, but during the wet season they can munch on fruit, nectar, bark, and flowers.
2013), Principal plants consumed (from Richard 1974), Incidentally consume insects (Richard 1974), Seasonally variable diet (from Mittermeier et al. © 2020 San Diego Zoo Global — All Rights Reserved. (2010) Mittermeier et al. During periods with abundance of food, these lemurs may neglect less suitable types of food in order to find the best meal. Image credit: © F Vassen from Flickr. 1. When in trees, the Verreaux's sifaka takes long leaps between tree trunks. The newborn baby is carried close to the abdomen and chest of its mother until 2 - 3 months old, after which the infant begins riding on its mother's back for another 3 months. Verreaux's Sifaka Wikipedia article -, 2. Mittermeier et al. On one hand, the Verreaux’s sifakas benefit the local ecosystem by consuming various plants and thus acting as key seed dispersers. These primates form groups of 2 - 13 individuals, typically made up of 5 - 7 mature females, 2 - 3 mature males and a few infants and juveniles. As an herbivore, the Verreaux's sifaka generally consumes leaves, bark, and flowers, supplementing this diet with occasional fruit and nuts, when the latter are in abundance. These primates are also captured to be sold as pets. Verreaux’s sifakas have a polygynous mating system, where a dominant male mates with a group of females. Most foods are consumed where they are found. Verreaux's Sifaka on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verreaux%27s_sifaka, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/18354/0.

Verreaux's sifakas are native and endemic exclusively to Madagascar, where they occur in the south-western part of the island, from Tsiribihina River in central western Madagascar southwards to the Andohahela region.

2010; Mittermeier et al. Population in the south-eastern part of their range is found in lowland, humid rainforest. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. (2013) Richard (1974) Richard (1978). Their diet varies with the seasons. Sifakas are so called due to the shrill 'shi-fahk' sound that these animals produce. When it comes to food, the Verreaux’s sifakas turn out to be very selective and even picky animals, thoroughly choosing food items, depending on their quality. The age of sexual maturity is 2.5 years old. When eating, the Verreaux's sifakas simply swoop a food item, moving towards it, so that their meal directly enters their mouth. However, this species’ numbers are decreasing today, and the animal is classified as Endangered (EN) on the IUCN Red List. Females usually yield only a single infant per year, which is born in June-September, after a gestation period of 130 - 141. On the other hand, these lemurs are a prey species for numerous predators of their range. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. As diurnal creatures, the Verreaux's sifakas are active in the morning and late afternoon. There have been known cases of locals taking money or supplies in exchange for telling hunters the location of Verreaux’s sifaka. Fact sheet index, San Diego Zoo Global Library, Email the librarians at library@sandiegozoo.org, https://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/coquerelssifaka, International Environment Library Consortium, Coquerel's Sifaka (Propithecus coquereli) Fact Sheet, Also consume flowers, fruit, bark, and dead wood, Feed on nearly 100 different plant species, Young leaves, flower, fruit, bark, and dead wood, Sit on or cling (vertically) to tree branches; most common feeding posture, Hang from branches with various combinations of fore- and hindlimbs, Lie, "spread-eagle" over a network of fine twigs, Rarely carry food; observed following theft attempt. However, they will eat a variety of items including twigs, bark, nuts, and fruits. Some rights reserved. Diet Herbivore When moving along the ground, these primates either hop or walk quadrupedally.

Meanwhile, growling or barking calls are used to bring group members together, when an intruder appears. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. As an herbivore, the Verreaux's sifaka generally consumes leaves, bark, and flowers, supplementing this diet with occasional fruit and nuts, when the latter are in abundance.

2010; Richard 1978), Consume food where found, most often (Richard 1978), Uncommonly forage on the ground (Richard 1978). The Verreaux's sifaka is the only lemur with partly webbed feet. During the breeding season, subordinate males often challenge the alpha male, which leads to frequent fights.

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